There are today 59 Government Participants in the KP, representing 85 countries. The European Union and its 26 member states counting as a single Participant, is represented by the European Commission.
According to the KP Core Document, KP certificates should be kept readily accessible for period of no less than three years. Some countries require that they be held for a longer period of time.
The requirements to maintain copies of invoices are subject to the laws of each country, but, according to the KP Core Document, all rough diamond buyers, sellers and exporters are encouraged to be required by law to keep for a period of five years daily buying, selling or exporting records, listing the names of buying or selling clients, their license number and the amount and value of diamonds sold, exported or purchased.
KP Offices are the facilities managed by the KP Authorities in any KP Participant countries or region (in the case of the EU), which in the case of an exporting country is authorized by the relevant government to issue KP certificates, and in the case of importing countries to verify KP certificates.
An up-to-date list of KP Focal Points is available on the WDC website at: https://www.worlddiamondcouncil.org/kp-focal-points/.
Before the launch of the KPCS and WDC, the incidence of conflict diamonds in the distribution chain was estimated to be in excess of 4 percent. Within just five years of its rollout, the number of conflict diamonds in the legitimate trade had fallen to less two tenths of one percent.
Today, the only UN-recognized source of conflict diamonds is the Central African Republic (CAR), which is a minor producer that has been involved in a civil war since the end of 2012. In 2013, the KP embargoed all exports of rough diamonds from the nation, after rebels seized control of producing areas. In July 2015, KP agreed that the CAR could resume exports, as long they originated from which are under government control and are compliant with KP rules. A special KP committee monitors all approved rough diamond exports from the CAR.